Due to an increase in alternative transportation and the risks that can arise from road sharing, the Oxford Police Department will be focusing on enforcing the road rules that affect, not only cars and trucks, but also cyclists, motorcyclists and other modes of alternative transportation.
In a time when alternative transportation is becoming more and more popular, the Oxford Police Department simply wants to ensure its success by establishing the safety guidelines up front.
PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENT
Start Date: June 13, 2013
Contact: Oxford Police Department – James Owens, Major of Operations
FOR MORE INFORMATION CALL 662-232-2400
Oxford, Mississippi, Code of Ordinances >> - CODE OF ORDINANCES >> Chapter 102 - TRAFFIC AND VEHICLES
Sec. 102-304. - Defined. Sec. 102-305. - Scope; responsibility of parents, guardians. Sec. 102-306. - Maintenance and inspection. Sec. 102-307. - Lights; reflector. Sec. 102-308. - Brakes. Sec. 102-309. - Warning devices. Secs. 102-310—102-336. - Reserved.
The term "bicycle," as used in this article, shall include every device propelled by human power upon which any person may ride, having two tandem wheels, either of which is over 20 inches in diameter. (Code 1968, § 7-1)
(a)It shall be a misdemeanor for any person to do any act forbidden or fail to perform any act required of this chapter. (b)The parent of any child and the guardian of any ward shall not authorize or knowingly permit any such child or ward to violate any of the provisions of this chapter. (Code 1968, § 7-2)### Sec. 102-306. - Maintenance and inspection.
Each and every bicycle owned or used in the city shall be in good repair and working order and shall be subject to inspection by the police department for any mechanical or other defects. (Code 1968, § 7-3)
- Every bicycle shall be equipped with a lighted white light on the front thereof, visible under normal atmospheric conditions from a distance of at least 500 feet in front of such bicycle, and shall also be equipped with a reflex mirror reflector or light on the rear exhibiting a red light visible under like conditions from a distance of at least 500 feet to the rear of such bicycle.
- Such lights shall be illuminated when the bicycle shall be used or operated between 30 minutes after sunset and 30 minutes before sunrise. (Code 1968, § 7-4)
Every bicycle shall be equipped with a brake which will enable the operator to make the brake wheel skid on dry, level, clean pavement. (Code 1968, § 7-5)
No person shall operate a bicycle unless it is equipped with a bell or other warning device capable of giving a signal audible for a distance of at least 100 feet, except that a bicycle shall not be equipped with any siren or whistle. (Code 1968, § 7-6)
Every person riding a bicycle upon a roadway shall be granted all the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle by the laws of this state declaring rules of the road applicable to vehicles or by the traffic regulations of this city applicable to the driver of a vehicle, except as to special regulations in this article and except as to those provisions of laws and regulations which by their nature can have no application. (Code 1968, § 7-17)
- Any person operating a bicycle shall obey the instructions of official traffic control signals, signs and other control devices applicable to vehicles, unless otherwise directed by a police officer.
- Whenever authorized signs are erected indicating that no right or left or "U" turn is permitted, no person operating a bicycle shall disobey the direction of any such sign, except where such person dismounts from the bicycle to make any such turn, in which event such person shall then obey the regulations applicable to pedestrians. (Code 1968, § 7-18)
- A person propelling a bicycle shall not ride other than astride a permanent and regular seat attached thereto.
- No bicycle shall be used to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed and equipped. (Code 1968, § 7-19)
No person shall operate a bicycle at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the conditions then existing. (Code 1968, § 7-20)
- Every person operating a bicycle upon a roadway shall ride as near to the right side of the roadway as practicable, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction.
- Persons riding bicycles upon a roadway shall not ride more than two abreast, except on paths or parts of roadways set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles.
- Wherever a usable path for bicycles has been provided adjacent to a roadway, bicycle riders shall use such path and shall not use the roadway. (Code 1968, § 7-21)
The operator of a bicycle emerging from an alley, driveway or building shall, upon approaching a sidewalk or the sidewalk area extending across any alleyway, yield the right-of-way to all pedestrians approaching on said sidewalk or sidewalk area, and upon entering the roadway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles approaching on said roadway. (Code 1968, § 7-22)
No person operating a bicycle shall carry any package, bundle or article which prevents the rider from keeping at least one hand upon the handlebars. (Code 1968, § 7-23)
No person shall park a bicycle upon a street other than upon the roadway against the curb or upon the sidewalk in a rack to support the bicycle or against a building or at the curb, in such a manner as to afford the least obstruction to pedestrian traffic. (Code 1968, § 7-24)
- No person shall ride a bicycle upon a sidewalk within a business district.
- The traffic engineer is authorized to erect signs on any sidewalk or roadway prohibiting the riding of bicycles thereon by any person and when such signs are in place no person shall disobey the same.
- Whenever any person is riding a bicycle upon a sidewalk, such person shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian and shall give audible signal before overtaking and passing such pedestrian. (Code 1968, § 7-25)
No person operating a bicycle shall cling to or attach himself to any other moving vehicle. (Code 1968, § 7-26)
No rider of a bicycle shall remove both hands, except to give necessary signals, from the handlebars or practice any acrobatic or fancy riding on any public street or sidewalk. (Code 1968, § 7-27)
No bicycle shall have attached to it any other vehicle such as a wagon or sled. (Code 1968, § 7-28)
Pedestrians shall be subject to traffic control signals as declared in section 102-212, but in all other places, pedestrians shall be granted those rights and be subject to the restrictions stated in this article. (Code 1968, § 28-348)
- When traffic control signals are not in place or not in operation, the driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way, slowing down or stopping if need be to so yield, to a pedestrian crossing the roadway within a crosswalk.
- No pedestrian shall suddenly leave a curb or other place of safety and walk or run into the path of a vehicle which is so close that it is impossible for the driver to yield.
- Whenever any vehicle is stopped at a marked crosswalk or at any unmarked crosswalk at an intersection to permit a pedestrian to cross the roadway, the driver of any other vehicle approaching from the rear shall not overtake and pass such stopped vehicle. (Code 1968, § 28-349)
Pedestrians shall move, whenever practicable, upon the right half of crosswalks. (Code 1968, § 28-350)
No pedestrian shall cross a roadway at any place other than by a route at right angles to the curb or by the shortest route to the opposite curb except in a crosswalk. (Code 1968, § 28-351)
- Every pedestrian crossing a roadway at any point other than within a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway.
- Any pedestrian crossing a roadway at a point where a pedestrian tunnel or overhead pedestrian crossing has been provided shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway.
- The foregoing rules in this section have no application under the conditions stated in section 102-611 when pedestrians are prohibited from crossing at certain designated places. (Code 1968, § 28-352)
- Between adjacent intersections at which traffic control signals are in operation, pedestrians shall not cross at any place except in a crosswalk.
- No pedestrian shall cross a roadway other than in a crosswalk in the central business district.
- No pedestrian shall cross a roadway other than in a crosswalk upon any street so designated by the traffic engineer. (Code 1968, § 28-353)
- No pedestrian shall enter or remain upon any bridge or approach thereto beyond the bridge signal, gate, or barrier after a bridge operation signal indication has been given.
- No pedestrian shall pass through, around, over, or under any crossing gate or barrier at a railroad grade crossing or bridge while such gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed. (Code 1968, § 28-354)
- Where sidewalks are provided, it shall be unlawful for any pedestrian to walk along and upon an adjacent roadway.
- Where sidewalks are not provided any pedestrian walking along and upon a highway shall when practicable walk only on the left side of the roadway or its shoulder facing traffic which may approach from the opposite direction. (Code 1968, § 28-355)
- No person shall stand in a roadway for the purpose of soliciting a ride, employment, or business from the occupant of any vehicle.
- No person shall stand on or in proximity to a street or highway for the purpose of soliciting the watching or guarding of any vehicle while parked or about to be parked on a street or highway. (Code 1968, § 28-356)
Notwithstanding the forgoing provisions of this article every driver of a vehicle shall exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian any person on horseback, any person who is working in or near the road or right-of-way, any person driving a motorcycle or similar vehicle, and any person operating equipment other than a motor vehicle, such as a bicycle, scooter, or farm equipment. A driver shall vacate the lane in which the person is traveling if the road has two or more marked lanes running in the same direction. If there is only one lane in each direction, the driver shall pass the person and allow a distance of at least three feet if the vehicle is a passenger car or truck, and a distance of six feet if the vehicle is a commercial vehicle. A driver may drive to the left side of the center of the roadway to pass as permitted in section 102-173. A driver shall not maneuver the vehicle in any manner that is intended to intimidate, harass, or threaten a pedestrian or bicyclist. (Code 1968, § 28-357; Ord. No. 2010-1, § I, 1-5-2010)
MISSISSIPPI LEGISLATURE 2010 Regular Session To: Highways and Transportation By: Senator(s) King, Hewes, Dearing
AN ACT TO PROVIDE THE RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF THOSE PERSONS OPERATING BICYCLES ON ANY ROADWAY OR HIGHWAY OR PATH SET ASIDE FOR BICYCLES; TO SET FORTH THE RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF THE OPERATOR OF A MOTOR VEHICLE WITH RESPECT TO BICYCLES; TO PROHIBIT CERTAIN ACTIVITIES; AND FOR RELATED PURPOSES. BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI:
- Sections 1 through 7 of this act apply to bicycles whenever they are operated upon any roadway or highway, or upon any path set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles.
- A person riding a bicycle upon a roadway has all of the rights and is subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle, except as may be otherwise provided in Sections 1 through 7 of this act.
- For purposes of this section, "bicycle lane" means a portion of the roadway or a lane separated from the roadway that has been designated by striping, pavement markings and signage for the preferential or exclusive use of bicyclists.
- Whenever a bicycle lane has been provided adjacent to a roadway, the operator of a motor vehicle may not block the bicycle lane to oncoming bicycle traffic and shall yield to a bicyclist in the bicycle lane before entering or crossing the lane.
- This section does not apply to vehicles engaged in providing public services, including, but not limited to, fire engines, police vehicles, ambulances, public utility vehicles, waste management trucks and tow trucks.
- Every bicyclist operating a bicycle upon a roadway less than the normal speed of traffic shall ride as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway except under any of the following conditions:
- When it is unsafe to do so;
- When overtaking and passing another bicycle or vehicle proceeding in the same direction;
- When preparing for or making a left turn at an intersection or into a private road or driveway;
- When proceeding straight in a place where right turns are permitted; and
- When necessary to avoid hazardous conditions, including, but not limited to, fixed or moving objects, vehicles, bicycles, pedestrians, animals, surface hazards or a lane of substandard width that makes it unsafe to continue along the right portion of the way. For purposes of this paragraph, "lane of substandard width" means a lane that is too narrow for a bicycle and a vehicle to travel safely side by side in the lane.
- When operating a bicycle upon a roadway, a bicyclist must exercise due care when passing or overtaking a vehicle that is standing or proceeding in the same direction.
- Bicyclists riding bicycles upon a roadway shall not ride more than two (2) abreast, except on paths or parts of roadways set aside for exclusive use of bicycles.
- While passing a bicyclist on a roadway, a motorist shall leave a safe distance of not less than three (3) feet between his vehicle and the bicyclist and shall maintain such clearance until safely past the bicycle.
- A motor vehicle operator may pass a bicycle traveling in the same direction in a nonpassing zone with the duty to execute the pass only when it is safe to do so.
- The operator of a vehicle that passes a bicyclist proceeding in the same direction may not make a right turn at any intersection or into any highway or driveway unless the turn can be made with reasonable safety.
- A bicyclist shall indicate a right turn by extending the left arm upward, by raising the left arm to the square, or by extending the right arm horizontally to the right.
- A bicyclist shall indicate a left turn by extending the left arm horizontally.
- A bicyclist shall indicate stopping or decreasing speed by extending the left arm or the right arm downward.
- A bicyclist is not required to give the signals continuously, if the hand or arm is needed to control the bicycle.
It is unlawful to harass, taunt or maliciously throw an object at or in the direction of any person riding a bicycle. A person convicted of a violation of this section shall be fined One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) for the first offense, Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00) for the second offense, and a fine of Two Thousand Five Hundred Dollars ($2,500.00) and imprisonment in the county jail for seven (7) days for the third and subsequent offenses.